What do articles in Research Funding (Science (2012) V.238 p1033-4) and History of Science (Science (2012) V.238 p1033-4) have in common apart from being published following each other?
Clue 1 from article 1, Contribution of private Industry Agricultural Innovation:
Growth of private R&D spending for agriculture in the face of slowing or stagnant public R&D resources raises the question of whether private R&D can substitute for public R&D. If so, long-term productivity growthin agriculture may be maintained or revived even as public R&D spending wanes. However, to the extent that technology opportunities created through basic research and the training of the S&T labor force are largely public-sector functions, reduced public-sector capacity may eventually reduce returns to private R&D as well and lead to lower aggregate investments in innovation.
Clue 2 from article 2, A Golden Era of Nobel laureates:
The research emphasis of NIH has gradually shifted. The primary focus is no longer on acquisition of knowledge in basic biological mechanisms. Current emphasis on “translational research” relegates basic science to a back burner. What has been lost is the conviction that progress in medicine rests ultimately on a fundamental understanding of physiology. Individual curiosity-driven science has been replaced by large consortia dedicated to the proposition that gathering vast amounts of correlative data will somehow provide theanswer to life’s fundamental questions.